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法律英语词汇
编辑:1598998499      发布:能飞背单词      发布时间:2016/3/29

一、  律师部分
案件受理费 court acceptance fee
案情重大、复杂 important and complicated case
案由 cause of action
案子 case
包揽诉讼 monopolize lawsuits
被告 defendant(用于民事、行政案件)

被诉人 respondent; defendant
本地律师 local counsel
毕业证 diploma; graduation certificate
辩护词 defense; pleadings
辩护律师 defense lawyer
辩护要点 point of defense
辩护意见 submission
财产租赁 property tenancy
裁定书 order; ruling; determination(指终审裁定)
裁决书 award(用于仲裁)
裁决书 verdict(用于陪审团)
采信的证据 admitted evidence; established evidence
草拟股权转让协议 drafting agreement of assignment of equityinterests
查阅法条 source legal provisions
出差 go on errand; go on a business trip
出国深造 further study abroad
出具律师意见书 providing legal opinion
出示的证据 exhibit
出庭 appear in court
传票 summons; subpoena
答辩状 answer; reply
代理词 representation
代理房地产买卖与转让 agency for sale and transfer of real estate
代理公证、商标、专利、版权、房地产、工商登记 agency for notarization,trademark, patent, copyright, and registration of real estate andincorporations
代理仲裁 agency for arbitration
代写文书 drafting of legal instruments
待决案件 pending case
当事人陈述 statement of the parties
第三人 third party
吊销执业证 revocation of lawyer license
调查笔录 investigative record
调查取证 investigation and gathering for evidence
调解 mediation
调解书 mediation
二审案件 case of trial of second instance
发送电子邮件 send e-mail
法律顾问 legal consultants
法律意见书 legal opinions
法律援助 legal aid
法律咨询 legal counseling
法庭 division; tribunal
法学博士学位 LL.D (Doctor of Laws)
法学会 law society
法学课程 legal courses
法学硕士学位 LL.M (Master of Laws)
法学系 faculty of law; department of law
法学学士学位 LL.B (Bachelor of Laws)
法学院 law school
法院公告 court announcement
反诉状 counterclaim
房地产律师 real estate lawyer; real property lawyer
非合伙律师 associate lawyer
非诉讼业务 non-litigation practice
高级合伙人 senior partner
高级律师 senior lawyer
各类协议和合同 agreements and contracts
公安局 Public Security Bureau
公司上市 company listing
公诉案件 public-prosecuting case
国办律师事务所 state-run law office
国际贸易 international trade
国际诉讼 international litigation
国内诉讼 domestic litigation
合伙律师 partner lawyer
合伙制律师事务所 law office in partner-ship;
合同审查、草拟、修改 contract review, drafting and revision
会见当事人 interview a client
会见犯罪嫌疑人 interview a criminal suspect
兼职律师 part-time lawyer
监狱 prison; jail
鉴定结论 expert conclusion
缴纳会费 membership dues
决定书 decision
勘验笔录 record of request
看守所 detention house
抗诉书 protest
控告人 accuser; complainant
跨国诉讼 transnational litigation
劳动争议 labor disputes
劳动争议仲裁委员会 arbitration committee for labor disputes
劳改场 reform-through-labor farm; prison farm
利害关系人 interested party; party in interest
律管处处长 director of lawyer control department
律师 lawyer attorney; attorney at law
律师惩戒 lawyer discipline
律师法 Lawyer Law
律师费 lawyer fee
律师函 lawyer's letter
律师见证 lawyer attestation/authentication
律师见证书 lawyer certification/authentication/witness
律师卷宗 lawyer's docile; file
律师刊物 lawyer's journal
律师联系电话 contact phone number of a lawyer
律师事务所 law office; law firm
律师收费 billing by lawyer
律师网站 lawyer website
律师协会 National Bar (Lawyer) Association
律师协会会员 member of Lawyer Association
律师协会秘书长 secretary general of Bar (Lawyer) Association
律师协会章程 Articles of Lawyer Association
律师业务室 lawyer's office
律师执业证 lawyer license
律师助理 assistant lawyer
律师资格考试 bar exam; lawyer qualification exam
律师资格证 lawyer qualification certificate
民事案件 civil case
民事调解 civil mediation
民事诉讼 civil litigation
派出所 local police station; police substation
判决 judgment(用于民事、行政案件);
determination(用于终审);
sentence(用于刑事案);
verdict(由陪审团作出)
旁证 circumstantial evidence
企业章程 articles of association; articles ofincorporation;
企业重组 corporate restructure
起诉状 information; indictment
取消律师资格 disbar
全国律师代表大会 National Lawyer Congress
人民法院 People's Court
认定事实 determine facts
上诉案件 case of trial of second instance; appellate case
上诉人 appellant
上诉状 petition for appeal
涉外律师 lawyers specially handling foreign-related matters
申请复议 administrative reconsideration petition
申请加入律师协会 application for admission to Law Association
申请人 petitioner; claimant
申诉案件 appeal case
申诉人(仲裁) claimant; plaintiff
申诉书 appeal for revision, petition for revision
实习律师 apprentice lawyer; lawyer in probation period
实习律师证 certificate of apprentice lawyer
视听证据 audio-visual reference material
适用法律 apply law to facts
受害人 victim
书证 documentary evidence
司法部 Ministry of Justice
司法建议书 judicial advise
司法局 Judicial Bureau
司法局副局长 deputy director of Judicial Bureau
司法局局长 director of Judicial Bureau
司法统一考试 uniform judicial exam
送达 service of process
诉讼 litigation; action; lawsuit
诉讼当事人 litigation party; litigious party
诉讼业务 litigation practice
诉状 complaint; bill of complaint; statement of claim
推销法律服务 promote/market legal service
外国律师事务所 foreign law office
委托代理合同 authorized representation contract
委托授权书 power of attorney
物证 material evidence
嫌疑人 criminal suspect
项目融资 project financing
项目谈判 project negotiating
刑事案件 criminal case
刑事诉讼 criminal litigation
行政诉讼 administrative litigation
休庭 adjourn the court; recess
宣誓书 affidavit
业务进修 attendance in advanced studies
一审案件 case of trial of first instance
与国外律师事务所交流 communicate with foreign law firms
原告 plaintiff
证券律师 securities lawyer
证人证言 testimony of witness; affidavit
执行笔录 execution record
执业登记 registration for practice
执业范围 scope of practice; sphere of practice; practicearea
执业申请 practice application
执业证年检 annual inspection of lawyer license
仲裁 arbitration
仲裁案件 arbitration case
仲裁机构 arbitration agency
专门律师 specialized lawyer
专职律师 professional lawyer; full-time lawyer
撰写法律文章 write legal thesis
资信调查 credit standing investigation
自诉案件 private prosecuting case

二、 诉讼法律
案件 case
案件发回 remand
案件名称 titleof a case
案卷材料materials in the case
案情陈述书statement of case
案外人 personother than involved in the case
案值 totalvalue involved in the case
败诉方 losingparty
办案人员personnel handling a case
保全措施申请书application for protective measures
报案 reporta case (to security authorities)
被告defendant; the accused
被告人最后陈述 finalstatement of the accused
被告向原告第二次答辩rejoinder
被害人 victim
被申请人respondent
被申请执行人 partyagainst whom execution is filed
被执行人 personsubject to enforcement
本诉principal action
必要共同诉讼人 partyin necessary co-litigation
变通管辖jurisdiction by accord
辩护defense
辩护律师defense attorney/lawyer
辩护人defender
辩护证据exculpatory evidence; defense evidence
辩论阶段 stageof court debate
驳回反诉dismiss a counterclaim; reject a counterclaim
驳回请求 deny/dismissa motion
驳回诉讼dismiss an action/suit
驳回通知书 noticeof dismissal
驳回自诉dismiss/reject a private prosecution
驳回自诉裁定书 rulingof dismissing private-prosecuting case
补充答辩supplementary answer
补充侦查supplementary investigation
不公开审理 trialin camera
不立案决定书written decision of no case-filing
不批准逮捕决定书written decision of disapproving an arrest
不予受理起诉通知书 noticeof dismissal of accusation by the court
财产保全申请书application for attachment; application for property preservation
裁定 order;determination (指最终裁定)
裁定管辖jurisdiction by order
裁定书 order;ruling
裁决书 award
采信的证据admitted evidence
查封 sealup
撤回上诉withdraw appeal
撤诉withdraw a lawsuit
撤销立案 revokea case placed on file
出示的证据exhibit
传唤summon; call
传闻证据hearsay
答辩answer; reply
答辩状 answer;reply
大法官associate justices; justice
大检察官 deputychief procurator
代理控告 agencyfor accusation
代理申诉 agencyfor appeal
代理审判员 actingjudge
代为申请取保候审 agencyfor application of the bail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving
弹劾式诉讼accusatory procedure
地区管辖territorial jurisdiction
第三人 thirdparty
调查笔录 recordof investigation
冻结 freeze
督促程序procedure of supervision and urge
独任庭sole-judge bench
独任仲裁员 solearbitrator
对妨碍民事诉讼的强制措施compulsory measures against impairment of civil action
二审 trialof second instance
二审案件 caseof trial of second insurance
罚款 imposea fine
法定证据statutory legal evidence
法定证据制度 systemof legal evidence
法官 judges
法警bailiff; court police
法律文书 legalinstruments/papers
法律援助 legalaid
法律咨询 legalconsulting
法庭辩论 courtdebate
法庭调查 courtinvestigation
法庭审理笔录 courtrecord
法庭审理方式 modeof court trial
法庭庭长 chiefjudge of a tribunal
法院 court
法院公告 courtannouncement
反诉counterclaim
反诉答辩状 answerwith counterclaim
反诉状counterclaim
犯罪嫌疑人criminal suspect
附带民事诉讼案件 acollateral civil action
附带民事诉讼被告defendant of collateral civil action
复查reexamination; recheck
高级法官 seniorjudge
高级检察官 seniorprocurator
高级人民法院 HigherPeople's Court
告诉案件 caseof complaint
告诉才处理的案件 caseaccepted at complaint
告诉申诉庭complaint and petition division
工读学校work-study school for delinquent children
公安部Ministry of Public Security
公安分局 publicsecurity sub-bureau
公安厅 publicsecurity bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions and cities underdirect jurisdiction of central government
公开审理 trialin public
公开审判制度 opentrial system
公示催告程序procedure of public summons for exhortation
公诉案件public-prosecuting case
公诉词statement of public prosecution
公证机关 publicnotary office
共同管辖concurrent jurisdiction
管辖jurisdiction
国际司法协助international judicial assistance
海事法院maritime court
合议庭collegial panel
合议庭评议笔录 recordof deliberating by the collegiate bench
和解composition; compromise
核对诉讼当事人身份 checkidentity of litigious parties
恢复执行 resumptionof execution
回避withdrawal
混合式诉讼 mixedaction
基层人民法院 basicPeople's Court
羁押期限 termin custody
级别管辖subject matter jurisdiction of courts at different levels
监视居住 livingat home under surveillance
监狱 prison
检察官procurator
检察权prosecutorial power
简易程序summary procedure
鉴定结论 expertconclusion
经济审判庭economic tribunal
径行判决 directadjudication without sessions;
纠问式诉讼inquisitional proceedings
拘传 summonby force; summon by warrant
拘留所detention house
举报information/report of an offence
决定书decision
开庭审理 open acourt session
开庭通知 noticeof court session
勘验笔录 recordof inquest
看守所detention house
可执行财产executable property
控告式诉讼accusatory proceedings
控诉证据incriminating evidence
控诉职能accusation function
宽限期 periodof grace
劳动争议仲裁申请书petition for labor dispute arbitration
劳改场reform-through-labor farm
劳教所reeducation-through-labor office
类推判决的核准程序procedure for examination and approval of analogical sentence
累积证据cumulative evidence
立案报告 placea case on file
立案管辖functional jurisdiction
立案决定书written decision of case-filing
立案侦查 reportof placing a case on file
利害关系人interested party
临时裁决书interim award
律师见证书lawyer's written attestation; lawyer's written authentication
律师事务所 lawoffice; law firm
律师提前介入 priorintervention by lawyer
免于刑事处分exemption from criminal penalty
民事案件 civilcase
民事审判庭 civiltribunal
民事诉讼 civilaction
民事诉讼法 CivilProcedural Law
扭送 seizeand deliver a suspect to the police
派出法庭detached tribunal
派出所 policestation
旁证circumstantial evidence
陪审员 juror
批准逮捕approval of arrest
破案 clearup a criminal case; solve a criminal case
破产bankruptcy; insolvency
普通程序general/ordinary procedure
普通管辖general jurisdiction
企业法人破产还债程序procedure of bankruptcy and liquidation of a business corporation
起诉filingof a lawsuit
起诉 sue; litigate; prosecute; institution of proceedings
起诉状indictment; information
取保候审 thebail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving
人民调解委员会People's Mediation Committee
认定公民无民事行为能力、限制民事行为能力案件casesconcerning determination of a citizen as incompetent or with limited disposingcapacity
上诉 appeal
上诉人appellant
上诉状petition for appeal
少管所juvenile prison
社会治安综合治理comprehensive treatment of social security
涉外案件 casesinvolving foreign interests
涉外民事诉讼foreign civil proceedings
涉外刑事诉讼foreign criminal proceedings
申请人applicant; petitioner
申请书petition; application for arbitration
申请执行人execution applicant
申诉人宣誓书claimant's affidavit of authenticity
申诉书 appealfor revision; petition for revision
神示证据制度 systemof divinity evidence
神示制度 ordealsystem
审查案件 casereview
审查并决定逮捕examine and decide arrest
审查起诉阶段 stageof review and prosecution
审理通知书 noticeof hearing
审判长presiding judge
审判长宣布开庭presiding judge announce court in session
审判监督程序procedure for trial supervision
审判委员会judicial committee
审判员 judge
审问式诉讼inquisitional proceedings
胜诉方winning party
失踪和死亡宣告declaration of disappearance and death
实(质)体证据substantial evidence
实物证据tangible evidence
实在证据 realevidence
示意证据demonstrative evidence
视听证据audio-visual evidence
收容所collecting post; safe retreat
首席大法官 chiefjustice
首席检察官 chiefprocurator
受害人的近亲属victim's immediate family
受理acceptance
受理刑事案件审批表registration form of acceptance of criminal case
受送达人 theaddressee
书记员 courtclerk
书记员宣读法庭纪律 courtclerk reads court rules
书证documentary evidence
司法部Ministry of Justice
司法警察judicial police
司法局judicial bureau
司法厅judicial bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions, and citiesunder direct jurisdiction of central government
司法协助judicial assistance
死缓的复核judicial review of death sentence with a retrieve
死刑复核程序procedure for judicial review of death sentence
死刑复核权competence for judicial review of death sentence
送达service of process
送达传票service of summons/subpoena
送达诉状service of bill of complaint
搜查 search
sue;suit; action; lawsuit
诉前财产保全property attachment prior to lawsuit
诉讼litigation; lawsuit; sue; action
诉讼保全attachment
诉讼参加人litigious participants
诉状complaint; bill of complaint; state of claim
特别程序special procedures
提起公诉institute a public prosecution
铁路法院railway court
庭审程序procedure of court trial
通缉 wantedfor arrest
投案appearance
退回补充侦查 returnof a case for supplementary investigation
委托辩护entrusted defense
未成年人法庭juvenile court
无行政职务的法官associate judge
无正当理由拒不到庭 refuseto appear in court without due cause
无罪判决acquittal, finding of " not guilty "
物证material evidence
先予执行申请书application for advanced execution
先予执行advanced execution
刑事案件criminal case
刑事拘留criminal detention
刑事强制拘留criminal coercive/compulsory measures
刑事审判庭criminal tribunal
刑事诉讼criminal proceedings
刑事诉讼法Criminal Procedural Law
刑事自诉状self-incriminating criminal complaint
行政案件administrative case
行政审判庭administrative tribunal
行政诉讼administrative proceedings
行政诉讼法Administrative Procedural Law
宣告失踪、宣告死亡案件 casesconcerning the declaration of disappearance and death
选民资格案件 casesconcerning qualifications of voters
询问证人inquire/question a witness
训诫reprimand
讯问笔录 recordof interrogation
询问犯罪嫌疑人 interrogatecriminal suspect
言词证据 verbalevidence
要求传唤证人申请书application for subpoena
一裁终局arbitration award shall be final and binding
一审 trialof first instance
一审案件 caseof trial of first instance
有罪判决sentence; finding of "guilty"
原告plaintiff
院长 courtpresident
阅卷笔录 recordof file review (by lawyers)
再审案件 caseof retrial
再审申请书petition for retrial
责令具结悔过 orderto sign a statement of repentance
债权人会议creditors' meeting
侦查阶段investigation stage
侦查终结conclusion of investigation
征询原、被告最后意见 consultingfinal opinion of the plaintiff and defendant
证据evidence
证据保全preserve evidence
证据保全申请书application for evidence preservation
证人证言testimony of witness; affidavit
支付令payment order/warrant
知识产权庭intellectual property tribunal
执行程序procedure execution
执行逮捕execution of arrest
执行和解conciliation of execution
执行回转recovery of execution
执行庭executive tribunal
执行异议objection to execution
执行员executor
执行中止discontinuance of execution
执行终结conclusion of execution
指定辩护appointed defense
指定仲裁员声明statement of appointing arbitrator
中级人民法院intermediate People's Court
中途退庭retreat during court session without permission
仲裁arbitration
仲裁被诉人respondent; defendant
仲裁裁决 award
仲裁申请书arbitration
仲裁申诉人claimant; plaintiff
仲裁庭arbitration tribunal
仲裁委员会arbitration committee
仲裁协议arbitration agreement; clauses of arbitration
仲裁员arbitrator
主诉检察官principal procurator
助理检察官assistant procurator
助理审判员assistant judge
专门法院special court
专门管辖specific jurisdiction
专属管辖exclusive jurisdiction
追究刑事责任investigate for criminal responsibility
自首confession to justice
自诉案件private-prosecuting case
自行辩护self-defense
自由心证制度doctrine of discretional evaluation of evidence
自侦案件self-investigating case
最高人民法院 theSupreme People's Court
最后裁决书 finalaward

三、 民事法律
法律渊源 source of law
制定法 statute
判例法 case law; precedent
普通法 common law
特别法 special law
固有法 native law; indigenous law
继受法 adopted law
实体法 substantial law
程序法 procedural law
原则法 fundamental law
例外法 exception law
司法解释 judicial interpretation
习公序良俗 public order and moral
自然法 natural law
罗马法 Roman Law
私法 private law
公法 public law
民法法系 civil law system
英美法系 system of Anglo-American law
大陆法系 civil law system
普通法 common law
大陆法 continental law
罗马法系 Roman law system
英吉利法 English law
衡平法 equity; law of equity
教会法 ecclesiastical law
寺院法 canon law
伊斯兰法 Islamic law
民法法律规范 norm of civil law
授权规范 authorization norm
禁止规范 forbidding norm
义务性规范 obligatory norm
命令性规范 commanding norm
民法基本原则 fundamental principles of civil law
平等原则 principle of equality
自愿原则 principle of free will
公平原则 principle of justice
等价有偿原则 principle of equal value exchange
诚实信用原则 principle of good faith
行为 act
作为 act
不作为 omission
合法行为 lawful act
违法行为 unlawful act
民事权利权利能力 civil right
绝对权 absolute right
相对权 relative right
优先权 right of priority
先买权 preemption
原权 antecedent right
救济权 right of relief
支配权 right of dominion
请求权 right of claim
物上请求权 right of claim for real thing
形成权 right of formation
撤销权 right of claiming cancellation
否认权 right of claiming cancellation
解除权 right of renouncement
代位权 subrogated right
选择权 right of choice
承认权 right of admission
终止权 right of termination
抗辩权 right of defense
一时性抗辩权 momentary right of defense
永久性抗辩权 permanent counter-argument right
不安抗辩权 unstable counter-argument right
同时履行抗辩权 defense right of simultaneous performance
既得权 tested right
期待权 expectant right
专属权 exclusive right
非专属权 non-exclusive right
人身权利 personal right
人权 human right
人格权 right of personality
生命健康权 right of life and health
姓名权 right of name
名称权 right of name
肖像权 right of portraiture
自由权 right of freedom
名誉权 right reputation
隐私权 right of privacy
私生活秘密权 right of privacy
贞操权 virginity right
身份权 right of status
亲权 parental power; parental right


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